Turkey has rejected Greek strategies of expanding its own continental shelf through islets in the Aegean Sea and limiting Turkey into the Anatolian peninsula from the Eastern Mediterranean area, Anadolu reports.
Included in the nation’s hydrocarbon exploration actions, Turkey declared new seismic research action in the Eastern Mediterranean through NAVTEX (navigational telex) beginning July 21, 2020.
With a little islet several miles apart from Turkey’s shore as a justification, the Greek Foreign Ministry alleged the Turkish drill boat Oruc Reis has breached its own rights from the Eastern Mediterranean continental shelf.
The Greek announcement is dependent on its maritime principle based on that islets are seen as”southern”, but such views don’t correspond to international law.
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The principle of equidistance doesn’t hold worth in the context of delimitation of exclusive economic zones (EEZ) and continental shelves in law.
The basic rule in both global law and the UN Convention on the Law of Sea relies on the principle of equal sharing. This principle allows islands to possess comparatively less area of continental shelf and EEZ, in actuality, the islands may even get fully encompassed. Now, there are numerous factors taken under account, like the dimensions and location of those arenas, and their space to the mainland.
Additionally, the marine distance the Turkish boat is place to research falls beneath the continental shelf Ankara administration announced to the UN and permit cubes awarded to Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO) at 2012.
‘Principle of fairness’
Additionally, a second Turkish seismic vessel — Barbaros Hayrettin Pasa — had formerly held actions in precisely the exact same land.
The Turkish authorities rejected the Greek position stating that the island Meis — situated about 2 km (1.2 miles) to the Turkish shore and 580 kilometers (360 mi) into the Greek shore — constitutes 40,000 square km (15,444 square kilometers ) of continental shelf.
Ankara explained this Greek strategy doesn’t comply with international law or motive.
Hakan Karan, a professor at Ankara University’s Faculty of Law, stated the space of islands to the mainland and their proximity to other nations stands as the most essential facet of such exceptional problems.
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Referring to the islands far away from the mainland and near other nations, he said the global law doesn’t authorize, or hardly authorizes, states to set up marine boundaries.
He went on to state Meis Island was a normal example in this sense, and Greek claims of announcing borders violated the principle of equity.
“A island with less than 12 square km area of surface, situated two km to Turkey and 580 km away from Greece cannot be granted continental shelf or EEZ,” he explained.
He noted that the International Court of Justice (ICJ) recently embraced a prejudication concerning the maritime boundary dispute between Romania and Ukraine, stating the Snake Island — that goes to Ukraine but is nearer to Romania — had no impact in the context of demarcation.